Pindus Journal of Culture, Literature, and ELT http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature <p><strong>PINDUS Journal of Culture, Literature, and ELT (PJCLE)</strong> is open access and double-blind peer-reviewed electron journal from Spain. PINDUS accepts articles from different research areas which are connected with culture, literature, and English language teaching and learning at all. <strong>PINDUS Journal of Culture, Literature, and ELT (PJCLE)</strong> presents articles around the area of culture, English language teaching and learning, linguistics, and literature including analysis, studies, applications of theories, research reports, and materials development.</p> <p><strong>PINDUS Journal of Culture, Literature, and ELT (PJCLE)</strong> favors articles that have a sound theoretical base with visible practical applications that can be used by specialists in anthropology, sociology, linguistics, education, intercultural studies, and policymaking. Authors from all languages and cultures are invited to submit their research and review articles to the <em><strong>PJCLE</strong></em> journal.</p> <p><strong>ISSN 2792-1883</strong></p> Academic Journal Publisher en-US Pindus Journal of Culture, Literature, and ELT 2792-1883 Prosodic Means that Affects the Realization of Simple Speech Patterns http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/585 <p>The article deals with prosodic factors affecting the realization of simple sentence patterns in the Uzbek language.</p> Yuldashova Nilufar Ergashevna, Mavlanova Nargiza Turayevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-04 2023-01-04 3 1 1 10 Classification of Adopted Words in the English Language http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/586 <p>The purpose of this article is to study the borrowed words in the English language and to determine their meanings. The article talks about the types of borrowed words and their use in conversation.</p> Davronova Asila Yusuf qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-05 2023-01-05 3 1 11 13 The Influence of Fine Art in Increase Students' Artistic Thinking and Creative Activity http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/587 <p>The article contains information about the effect of fine art on increasing the artistic thinking and creative activity of students, the artistic creativity and creative process in fine art, and the aesthetic pleasure of people by reading, seeing, and hearing works of art.</p> Smaylova G. Yu. Bekmuratov T. U. Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-06 2023-01-06 3 1 14 16 Pedagogical Study of the Invisibility of Human Characters Applied in the Rules of Kurash http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/589 <p>Wrestling is recognized in the world as the national sport of the Uzbek people. The role of wrestling in the higher education system in the education of students, terms and signs of wrestling used in the international rules of wrestling, rules of competition, and types of competition are described in detail by the author.</p> Абдулахатов А. Р Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-21 2023-01-21 3 1 17 23 Problems of Translation and Finding Equivalents of the English Proverbs http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/590 <p>The article analyzes problems of translation and finding their equivalents of the English proverbs into Uzbek and Russian languages on the basis of factual materials. English, Uzbek, Russian folk proverbs were selected from paremiological dictionaries, and the features of their equivalence to each other were determined.</p> Uralova Oysuluv Poyan kizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-21 2023-01-21 3 1 24 27 Syntactic Units and Word Combinations in English Newspaper Texts http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/591 <p>The article deals with the problem of studying of the main peculiar features of the newspaper style, the notion of newspaper headline, its types, functions and translation issues of syntactic rules and structure, lexical units and word combinations in newspaper texts. It gives information about the language of mass media, a system of interrelated lexical, syntactic, phraseological and grammatical means serving the purpose of informing, instructing and entertaining people.</p> Daniyorova Yorqinoy Shavkieva Maftuna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-21 2023-01-21 3 1 28 30 History of the Development of Swimming http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/592 <p>This article provides a summary of the history of the development of swimming.</p> Valijonov Hamid Olimjonovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-21 2023-01-21 3 1 31 34 Development of Organizational and Management Competence of Future Physical Education Teachers in Organizational and Pedagogical Conditions http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/593 <p>The article examines the analysis of necessary and sufficient conditions of a positive orientation, taking into account the requirements of appropriate methodological approaches and consideration of concepts at the intersection of pedagogical and organizational contexts, presents an analysis of the concept of "organizational and pedagogical conditions" and defines it in the context of the process of formation of organizational and managerial competence.</p> Odilov Otabek Norboevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-21 2023-01-21 3 1 35 38 Sociolinguistic Characteristics of Toponymy of Samarkand Region http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/594 <p>In this article, the lexical-semantic, nominative-motivational features of the toponymy of the Samarkand region, the historical formation, and the roots of formation are sociolinguistically researched. Also, the article talks about the ethnogenesis of some toponyms in the region and the social, political, and historical processes that influenced it. Toponyms from the Sugdian, Turkic, Arabic, Persian, Mongolian, and Russian languages are analyzed.</p> Gulrukh Joraboyeva Dilnoza Asrayeva Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-24 2023-01-24 3 1 39 43 Teaching Korean Language as a Foreign Language http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/595 <p>The way foreign language classes are taught needs to be reviewed as well because the abrupt change in teaching and learning modalities has had a significant impact on other processes including the creation of instructional materials and the delivery of lessons and assessments.This paper uses the professional learning environment of the researcher with teaching Korean as a foreign language in graduate school as a study that uses critical reflection as a method.</p> Gafforova Iroda Zayniddin qizi Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-30 2023-01-30 3 1 44 46 Communicative and Strategic Approaches for Organizing of Independent Work of Students in English Language Lessons http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/596 <p>The demand of the time is to expand the field of independent activity of schoolchildren in the educational environment. Educational standards of the new generation emphasize the need to introduce independent work into the educational process, which, in turn, is one of the most important components of the upbringing and educational process. The purpose of the article is to characterize the features of the organization of independent work of students in the process of teaching a foreign language. The leading approach is system-activity. The article describes the role and place of independent work in the process of teaching foreign languages; the structure of the organization of independent work of students in the process of teaching a productive type of foreign language speech activity (monologic utterance) is considered. An attempt is made to methodically substantiate the ways of implementing the introduction of independent work into educational activities. The scope of the results is the organization of independent work in the process of teaching foreign languages.</p> Olimova Guli Olimovna Latipov Aziz Akbaraliyevich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-30 2023-01-30 3 1 47 49 Problems of Syntactic Analysis of Fixed Phrases in the English Sentence Structure http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/597 <p>This article is devoted to the issues of syntactic analysis of fixed phrases in English sentences. In the article, the problems and shortcomings that arise in the analysis of word combinations are studied, in addition, examples from the literature are given and analyzed.</p> Jamolova Tursunoy Ma'murjonovna Samandarov Rustam Dusyorovich Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-30 2023-01-30 3 1 50 52 Relicts of Mythological Consciousness in the Linguistic Worldview http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/598 <p>At the present stage of development of science, the anthropocentric paradigm prevails in linguistics, that is, the integration process in linguistics has won the first place, passing through the comparative historical approach of the XIX century and the structural-structural paradigms of the XX century. In the study of linguistic phenomena, comparative studies, mainly on the basis of an anthropocentric approach to linguocultural studies, are effective and useful. The formation of linguocultural research is often associated with archetypal concepts, which are based on the ideas of the mythological school, i.e., the concepts of the representatives of the school of comparative mythology.</p> Kdirbaeva Gulzira Kurbanbaevna Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-30 2023-01-30 3 1 53 62 Understanding the Origins and Rules of the Sport of Volleyball http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/599 <p>This article briefly describes the origins and rules of the sport of volleyball.</p> Utepbergenova Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-30 2023-01-30 3 1 63 66 The Image of Alexander in the Qur'an and its Usage as an Internal Text in Other Works http://literature.academicjournal.io/index.php/literature/article/view/600 <p>The difference between the image of Alexander in fiction and his personality, the personality of Alexander, who is found in various works and whose name is mentioned in the Qur'an, has been the cause of various disputes among scientists for a long time. This article analyzes the image of Alexander and its embodiment in fiction and the different aspects of the images, based on the opinions of scientists. Hamsa's final epic is called "Sadiy Iskandarii". It means "Wall of Alexander" when translated into Turkish. There are also opinions that this epic is dedicated to the historical figure Iskandar Zulqarnain. However, there is a separate chapter about Alexander the Great in the Holy Quran, and some of our scholars believe that this is not the Alexander mentioned in the Holy Quran.</p> Gapporov Zayniddin Copyright (c) 2023 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 3 1 67 70